USA visa sponsorship simply means someone or an organization taking the responsibility of your travel to US including your financial and welfare duties. In USA, a visa sponsor maybe a resident, a citizen or a company in USA that will have to stand for all your actions throughout your stay.
USA Visa Sponsorship To Work And Study
However, to get visa easily through the USA sponsorship program, your sponsor have to be eligible. One of the main reasons for visa sponsorship is for security reasons. Your visa sponsor will be called in any case of misconduct or you failing to go back to your home country after your visit.
Secondly, your financial burden is on your sponsor and not the government or the US community. This is to ensure that you are not travelling to become a nuisance in the country.
On that note, if you will need to be getting an additional money while studying in US. This visa type offers you a work and study opportunity.
Who is eligible for a visa sponsorship?
If you are planning to go to USA to study with a visa sponsorship, this form of visa is called the exchange visitor visa (J1 or J2). However, the exchange visitor visa is not just for students but also for any kind of program that will involve exchange of ideas and values in the US.
Therefore, there other programs that can travel to US with a J1- visa, they includes;
- Au Pair
- Intern and Trainee
- Government and International visitor
- Professor and Teachers
- Physician and other Specialists
- Work and study program with J1 visa
- One of the advantages of travelling with the exchange visitor non-immigrant visa is the opportunity to be
- working while studying. There are four ways you can be earning while studying;
- On-campus employment
- Off-campus employment
- Curricular Practical Training
- Optional Practical Training
- On-campus work
This type of work gives you the opportunity to work in the school where you are studying. You can work as a librarian, cafeteria, bookstore, cleaning or any menial job that exists within the school. However, you are also allowed to work to campuses that are affiliated to your school.
The on-campus work, allows a maximum of 20 hours job per week. You can do the 20 hours on just a job or on different jobs. However, you can work full time during vacations and holidays.
Off- campus work
This type of work unlike the on-campus work is for a special population of students. For you to work off-campus, you must have an approval from the school authority as one facing an economic hardship or an emergent circumstance.
The economic hardship can be loss of financial aid, unexpected large medical bills, decrease in the students indigenous foreign currency that he depends on for payments e.t.c.
Whatever the reason may be, this has to be ironed out with the school authorities before you can start work.
The cumulative working hours should not exceed 20 hours too. Secondly, you have to have completed a minimum of One full academic year to be eligible.
Curricular Practical Training (CPT)
This type of job is a part of the school curriculum that relates to your course of study. Therefore, it entails a practical training to the your field of study in school which can be in the form of internship or practicum with a partnering employer.
There is no time limit for this type of work. However, You will need to complete a one year academic session to qualify, except if stated otherwise from your course curriculum.
Optional Practical Training (OPT)
Unlike the CPT where the training is a part of the curricular activity. The OPT is a choice you make to work in a place related to your field but not part of you curriculum.
However, the OPT is to be approved with the appropriate school authority. The student is granted a 12 month Practical training if approved by the school.
The training has to last for a maximum of 12 months. However, it is possible to extend it to a 24 month training through the STEM OPT extension.
How can I get a Visa sponsor?
As mentioned earlier, not everyone is eligible to be a sponsor. Therefore, for a sponsor to be eligible, he must meet up with the exchange visitor program regulations (22 CFR Part 62) and also the financial obligations and responsibilities.
It is important to note that it is only a sponsor that has the right to provide you with the Certificate of Eligibility for Exchange Visitor status ( Form DS-2021) that is a ticket for your interview with the Embassy or consulate.
The Form DS-2021 is a document that will contain all your personal information and that of your sponsor. This Form is to be signed and taken to the embassy on the day of interview.
However, the U.S Department of State has a list of the exchange visitor program sponsorship lists where you can choose from as a visa sponsor. Visit the site to get the list of visa sponsors.
How to apply for Visa Sponsorship
The first and foremost step to apply for the visa sponsorship is to search and get an eligible sponsor through the link above.
Secondly, is to organize your documents and make the necessary fees such as the SEVIS fees. Your embassy or consulate will tell you the current fees to pay and the ones covered by your sponsor.
Do I Need a Visa Sponsorship Letter?
Since there are so many US visas, it can be confusing to know which ones are for employment. Even within the US work visas, for very short seasonal work you might not need a sponsorship.
But you must keep in mind that most employment offers in the US will need a visa sponsorship. The US visas have groups of nonimmigrant and immigrant visas.
Below are the ones that need employment sponsorships.
Nonimmigrant Visas Employment Sponsorship
US nonimmigrant visas are for temporary stays in the country. They are not Green Cards and do not give the right to their holders to become US citizens. There are many types of US nonimmigrant visas, but some of the most popular are the employment ones. The nonimmigrant visas that need employment sponsorship are outlined below.
- H-1B visa – Person in Specialty Occupation;
- H-2A visa – Temporary Agricultural Workers;
- O-2 visa – Personnel assisting those with O-1A and O-1B visas.
- H-2B visa – Temporary Non-Agricultural Workers;
- L1 visas – Intercompany transfers going to the US due to specialized knowledge or to to take on managerial or executive positions;
- O-1A visa – People with extraordinary abilities in business, science, athletics, and education;
- O-1B visa – People with extraordinary abilities in the arts, television, and film industries;
Immigrant Visas Employment Sponsorships
For the immigrant visas or Green Cards, there is also a need for employment sponsorship. From the categories, there is also an Employment Based Immigrant Visa group. Most of the visas in the group need an employment sponsorship.
EB-1 Visa – Outstanding professors, researchers, people with extraordinary abilities in arts, science, business, athletics, or education. Also executive managers who have worked at a foreign branch of a US company for the past 3 years.
EB-2 Visa – Professionals with advanced degrees and people with extraordinary abilities in arts, sciences, or business.
EB-3 Visa – Skilled workers with more than 2 years of experience, professionals with a higher education degree. Also, unskilled workers with less than 2 years of experience (EW-3 Visa).
EB-4 Visa – Various religious, government, or international organizations workers.
Some of these visas, such as the EB-1 visa allow self-petitioning. This means that in some cases, if you have such extraordinary abilities you can sponsor your own visa.
You must submit all the documents and pay the fees yourself. Other visas, such as the EB-5 visa only work through self-petitioning.
A US visa or employment sponsorship means that the employer in the US is hiring you. They are guaranteeing to the US visa authorities that you will be a legal working resident. The employer will state that you will work the job position they hired you for. Also, they must guarantee that you will get the same salary as a US citizen or LPR in the same job position.
Finally, is to get ready for the interview. The interview process will require you to provide all your documents to the embassy and answer some few questions.
However, if you will wish to start the visa application now, just follow the link…we will walk you through the process